The Wilton Volunteer Ambulance Corps provides pre-hospital care to victims of traumatic brain injury. The most common causes of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are vehicle crashes, falls, sports injuries, and violence. Each year 50,000 people die from brain injuries and 80,000 to 90,000 people experience long-term disability. Thus, there is a saying used by doctors, “Touch the brain, never the same”.
TBI is defined as an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force while an acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain, which is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma. An acquired brain injury is an injury to the brain that has occurred after birth. Examples of acquired brain injury include stroke, near drowning, tumor, neurotoxins, electric shock or lightning strike.